Apple Tree Options for Small Spaces
Growing apple trees can be a viable option for people with limited space.
Benefits of smaller compact trees:
- Saves space.
- Provides easier access for pruning, picking and pest control.
- Bears fruit at an earlier age.
Methods displayed in the Curran Orchard
Espalier is a technique of training trees through pruning and grafting that results in largely two -dimensional growth to create decorative patterns.
- Use dwarfing root stock so the tree doesn’t outgrow its space.
- Support trees with a wall, fence or wire trellis.
- Train trees while branches are young and flexible.
- Prune to develop a uniform structure and form fruiting spurs.
The Curran Apple Orchard sign along Grandview Drive is an example of Espalier, as is the Belgian Fence growing near the barn.
- Use mini-dwarf rootstock.
- Only prune shoots and branches growing in the wrong direction.
- Provide a permanent support system. Ensure adequate moisture.
The High Density area of the Curran Orchard is an example of the Slender Spindle and V-trellis techniques. This area contains approximately 40 trees, on mini-dwarf rootstock, within an area previously occupied by two apple trees.